Friday, May 19, 2017

Aaron Williams
Blog 1
The social movement I’m going to focus on in my blog is the black lives matter. When some people think of black lives matter they associate them as a hate group who are anti white and dislike police officers. As a person who’s researched and followed some of the action presented by this group I beg to differ. One of the main goals this group is trying to accomplish is to shine light on our justice system to show the injustice that our legal system has put black African American through. This has become a major issue due to the recent police brutality cases.
Using the rhetorical situation black lives matter use exigence by addressing the problem that has happen over a short period of time. The killing of black by police officers has gotten outrageous and something needed to be done. The problem presented itself and black leaders became the voice to show society that something need to be done about innocent people getting killed and officers who has done the killing isn’t getting any punishment for their actions.
The audience black lives matter group is reaching out to are black African Americans, police officers, and whites Americans. Black people are the audience because we need to be more aware and inform of what’s going on and how to project yourself if you’re found in this situation. Police officers are the audience because they are the one’s who this group is focusing their movement around. White Americans is part of the audience because this social movement is shedding light on the on going racial tension that has never left this country and racial profiling that is still present in this time era.
The constraints are the violence that has accorded during the black live matter group protests against whites and police officers.
Black lives matter uses the five canons of rhetoric by coming up with positive ideal and plans to achieve their goals as a group within the community. Having different people to conduct different tasks so the group creditability will be strong when in the public eye. Having different personality within the group so it can relate to as many different people no matter their background. Making what they do memorable and outlasting.
Black lives matters establish ethos by using situated ethos. The leaders of this movement have already established strong respect within society and the commun


De’Mornay Pierson-El

An issue that has been present in history for generations is racism, segregation and disrespect of other minority backgrounds. This is an issue because it often goes unnoticed by the people it does not apply to. It is also very hard to explain to someone else a struggle they never had to experience. This issue itself has evolved into “Black Lives Matter”. It has been up for debate the “All Lives Matter” gives respect to every race as a whole. However it still takes the shine away from Black Lives Matter, which is in itself disrespect. By changing the saying, it takes away the relevance and reasoning behind why separating “Black” lives from “All” lives has to happen. Or even “Blue” lives matter for police, when in fact it is the police killing blacks. Black Lives Matter is a saying basically used to remind the “All” lives how much pain, struggle, trial and tribulations my people have endured for decades before me. The audience is aimed for everyone. For blacks to care for other blacks, as well as whites to respect the blacks, and people to notice an issue and work to better it. The problem with that is the focus from other societies rather aim it at “All” lives and forget “Black” lives. Which adds injury to insult.
It is sad to say, but Black Lives Matter was easy to remember, recall and stick into memory because of how much it reoccurs. It is often evident in history, but history often repeats itself. Black Lives Matter Rallies are often set up in ways that give reasons for why it still is relevant. By bringing up deaths, murders and or killings (all up for debate) this touches the pathos because no one wants to hear their sister or brother was killed for walking down the street, or a small traffic stop. The delivery is often given in many speeches, to touch the soul of people, telling a story of struggle no one understands, gets the audience attentive and willing to get involved. Each year the rallies go up yearly, the invention of how to express the need for change has to get more and more creative. Therefore the killings, can come to a hault. Style is also a key factor because it determines the way people can get involved. If they feel they have something they can offer, joining the movement will bring more awareness.
I believe that Black Lives Matter is a good protest because just because it specifically states one race, it does not limit other races to also help promote this topic. Of course black lives matter to black people, but getting other races who may have disrespected or discriminated against us to follow is powerful. It is also a life changing experience because once upon a time blacks and whites could not be in the same vicinity. It is also touchy because being a black man in this society I can see and say we need help as a community. Not only to get better but advance and connect with other races. Logically working with people is much faster and brings a bigger message when people connect. Having the credibility and ability to work with other races shows the care is indeed given to “ALL” lives. Making sure that is understood and clear will leave room for less confusion. Being so isolated from other races, only sets us back to times in the future we are so desperately trying to get away from.

Dakota Pipe Line

Morgan Pommier

Social movements are very powerful. In a sense they spread messages as well as gather people together for one cause. The downside to these movements, is that they are constantly changing. Because of this, a sense of importance is evaluated as time goes on. Other new topics take the place of old ones, and due to this things are forgotten. However just because the spotlight is taken does not mean it endures less importance. It does not mean that the problem was fixed if it is less talked about either.
The Dakota Access Pipeline was a very important movement. Not only did it interrupt the flow and required money for reconstruction. It also worked to erase the cultural Native Americans have been stripped of their entire existence. Location is also a major factor, by adding the pipeline drinking water was destroyed as well as homes along the pipeline. Many people were being affected negativity than positively and they got involved to help make statements. The audience included more people because surrounding states heard about the issue and some people were asked to get involved. The protests served as a message, and a means of proving the seriousness of emotions. Police were heavily involved, and some were more forceful then others. This resulted in sickness, because the protesters were sprayed with water hoes, as well as corned and restrained. Was this ethical? Most answer no, however it did give more motivation and momentum for the protesters to continue. Having to relocate with no place to go, culture being stripped, and voices going unheard and unnoticed provoked a lot of people. Logically the next step is protesting, however its very dangerous as these participates discovered as weeks went on.

Getting people involved logically was easy because a lot of people can relate to the disruption of homes. Standing up for what is right is very ethical, and a good reason people continued to protest against the police brutality that went unnoticed. Emotions were felt from guilt, sorrow, empathy, and situational, because some people could relate. This is why the protest spread not just in Dakota, but further into the Midwest. It opened ears, and sparked conversation. By doing that the social movement led to change and delayed the construction of the pipeline. The pipeline will be remembered because of the message it spread and how fast it effected people. Protests were arranged in multiple states as well as spoken about by various speakers who helped advocate for the home owners behalves. The delivery was created in a peaceful protests, however was acted upon forcefully by “protectors” of this society. Being creative in how to get past the hurt, and maintain their goal created a sense of great invention to get their way. The style in which they carried on until they got their way was more than powerful, but obtainable through any obstacle.

Anti-Bullying Movement

Anti Bullying is a movement that has been created in response to the increase of bullying over the years. They Anti-Bullying Movement were created to reduce or eliminate the act of bullying. Bullying is defined as using superior strength or influence to intimidate (someone), typically to force him or her to do what that one wants. With the development of new technology over the years, bullying has expanded from the school grounds to the Internet. I will be discussing the influence of bullying on a personal standpoint, as long with a statistical standpoint.
We have all been bullied in our lives in some type of way, and we have all felt horrible because of that one person. While being bullied, we feel helpless, we feel like we are not in control of the situation, and we even feel like were weak. As soon as we are finished feeling bad about ourselves we recover from the incident only to get bullied once again. Personally I have grown up being bullied. I grew up in a small town in Kansas; so small that I thought there couldn’t be a town bigger then Lawrence Kansas, which has a population of, according to, a total of 87,643. I was and still am taller and bigger then most people that I have met in my lifetime. Coming from a town that was rather small, there were not many children my age who were the same height or weight as I am. I would be called names such as, “Big Foot, Frankenstein, and even Jonah’s Whale.” Back then those names was very hurtful, but looking back now it makes me laugh because. Back then I was a better person then those kids who called me those names and even now I am still a better person then those children. Because those children who were bullies, are not successful and still living in the same city they attended Kindergarten. 
According to, “There are bully prevention groups that exist to train adults and young people to prevent bullying and how to respond to it when it does occur.” The Anti-Bullying Movement has taken mainstream. For example, Google, “Anti-Bullying Movement,” and you’ll see the amount of websites that have been created just to end bullying. While we use the Internet to try to dismantle bullying, Cyber bullying has taken stride as well.
On a more radical side, Cyber bullying has caused the deaths of many children According to, since being founded in 2010, “55,000 children have taken their lives.” The same website broke down the that number of deaths; “that is 8,000 deaths per year, or 22 per day. Almost one child per hour for the last 7 years.” Stand For The Silent has traveled to many schools over the past four years to talk about Cyber bullying and why it has brought about so much pain.
The audience the Anti-Bullying Movement is talking to is everyone who has been bullied or for that someone who is considered the bully. The movement wants to spread awareness to the audience who wants to take a stand to end bullying, or to give shocking information to those who are not well informed. This may be difficult with some constraints that may lie in the way of the movement. Some constraints could be that some people who view the movement as useless or arrogant. The movement is simply to give a voice to those who feel like they are not strong enough to stand up to the bully who is considered “superior or admirable.”

The Anti-Bullying movement appeals to logos, ethos, and pathos. The movement appeals to logos because there are many websites that supply different types of statistics stating how bullying and cyber bullying has grown over the years. The Anti-Bullying movement also appeals to ethos. The Anti-Bullying movement in the eyes of the audience views it as a creditable movement because many of those who are apart of the movement have been bullied before and I am sure that many of those people wanted something to lean back on. Personally I wish this were a movement that was occurring during my younger school years. Finally this movement appeals to pathos. The movement touches or emotions in most of us, or most of us that live in this different society. We used to live in a society were it was considered cool to be a bully. Well that child who being bullied by that so-called cool person now has a movement behind them for support. This appeals to pathos because this movement gives relief to those who have been bullied for so long.

Black Lives Matter

In the world we live in, the social aspect of our daily lives has increased tremendously. Social media and the other resources we have in our arsenal has created a networking bridge like no other. This relates to my social movement topic because it is a well-known topic in the United States and also globally because of the social era we live in today. The topic that I have chosen to use for this topic is, #BlackLivesMatter. #BlackLivesMatter is a social movement that "campaign against violence and systemic racism toward black people." (Sharp, 2016) In this blog I want my audience to open their eyes to these issues especially if they do not have any interest in this movement.Also I want the groups of followers who stand behind #BlackLivesMatter movement. In the text The Rhetorical Situation (Bitzer) "exigence are imperfection marked by urgency; it is a defect, an obstacle, something waiting to be done, a thing which is other than it should be." The modified version of exigence is rhetorical when it is capable of positive modification and when positive modification requires discourse or can be assisted by discourse. This stage relates to #BlackLivesMatter by having problems that connects the black community with the white community. It's a problem because individuals of the black community are tired of being treated poorly by the government and other whites in their communities. The audience is whoever the message is being viewed by. The audience for this social movement is the black community, the government, and also the white communities. Mainly the movement is the face of "Police Brutality". Lastly the constraints on my topic is that the government is ignoring the fact that our black communities are discriminated on and hated by individuals of the white skin color, mostly in police enforcement. 

The five canons of rhetoric are invention, arrangement, style, memory, delivery. These are very complex and abstract meanings of rhetoric. The invention it self I believe gets the most attention. BlackLivesMatter started the year of 2013, in remorse for the loss of Trayvon Martin. The individuals of the black community as had enough and decided to put their foot down and take a stand. Founders were Alicia Garza, Patrisse Cullors, and Opal Tometi, all of them were women. They were not the first individuals who wanted to end this madness, Martin Luther King was one of the first African Americans to step up and start a movement that shocked the world. If Dr. King isn't responsible for acting with bravery and courage to this matter he can be credited. While doing it in with a ordering and and delivering style and stood up and led the black community which ultimately cost him his life. 

The logos that helps this social movement out is by trying to wake up our audience to the realization of the mistreatment of colored individuals. They do these acts by protesting, speaking `out, and holding public ceremonies. he ultimate goal is to convert the ones who are not interested in what the black communities go through and also to get those individuals who helps promote anti-black lives matter to be open hearted and understanding. 

The ethos side of the movement is very positive and very understandable. Ethos is clarified by action, deeds, understanding, and expertise. Our movement is continually growing and it is growing for a reason. The proof of police brutality and mistreated colors are very clear, which makes it more as a demand for individuals to step up in their perspective communities and lead there community with passion and dedication. It is kind of hard to ignore when the damage has hit home and people step the audience will follow the person with the most expertise and the most passion to their audience. 

Lastly pathos, "pathos is refers to the the emotional state of the audience, as produced by the speaker or speech." This actually means a lot to my movement because feelings of individuals who wants to be treated fairly and equally is the main goal. When you feel as if you'r not wanted in your own country it an create frustration within the culture. For example, the Rodney King trial was very emotional to most colored individuals, it touched and put a stamp on the hatred that police had against black individuals. Also the Trayvon Martin trial and the Alton Sterling trial where these police officers are recorded killing innocent black men. This make it emotional for any audience not just the black culture but every culture. It makes things worse when we see that the police officers that were involved with these murders; they are somehow getting off the hook with a get out of jail free card. This has to stop and the social movement will keep growing until the government changes or does something for the people of black societies. 

ALS Ice Bucket Challenge

Blog Post 1
Ice bucket challenge
Zack Darlington
For my first blog post, I chose to look at a social movement that swept the nation in recent years. This movement was known as the ALS ice bucket challenge. ALS stands for Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis, also known as Lou Gehrig’s disease. Lou Gehrig was a professional baseball player he developed this disease, and ultimately brought it to the public eye due to his professional spotlight.  Before we go into detail about the significance of the ice bucket challenge or how media helped promote it, we first need to apply Bitzer’s theory to understand how it can relate to civic media.
We learned in class that Bitzer developed the rhetorical situation to help us specify what makes this situation unique in comparison to others. Bitzer’s first element of a rhetorical situation is exigence. He defines exigence as the problem that causes someone to speak up and address it. The ALS challenge was a social movement that really took off in the recent years, roughly 2014. The challenge was created to help raise money for ALS treatment, research and hopefully a cure. When Bitzer’s Theory is applied, one can see that the exigence of this rhetorical situation is the need for a cure to this disease. The “problem” that has come to light, is that with the current method of treatment, ALS patients lives are only extended by roughly 2 to 3 months. (A Life Story Foundation) The ice bucket challenge is designed to raise money through a pledge to donate money through a video recording of “the challenge”. In the ice bucket challenge, a person who was nominated would be required to dump a bucket of ice water on their head, prior to nominating a number of other acquaintances. The idea of the “challenge” was that if you did not accept the challenge and drench yourself in frigid water, then you pay a penalty by way of charitable donation to the foundation. Once you completed the challenge, you would post the video to your social media pages (Instagram/Facebook/Twitter) and tag your nominees. The movement was created to raise enough money so that scientists and researchers could develop a cure, rather than treat the disease for a few more months.
The next element in Bitzer’s theory is the audience. Bitzer describes the audience as the group of people that need to be persuaded to take action. The intended audience for the ALS challenge could be considered the general public. The organization was not looking for donations from any specific person, but would accept any help they could get to reaching their goal. More specifically, the audience could be seen as the general public that does not have any knowledge of ALS or how it impacts both the patients and their families. This approach allows for ALS to both educate the public on a rare disease and ask for support for their organization. The audience may not need to be persuaded because they don’t agree with the exigence, rather they are just unaware of it.
Bitzer’s final element of the rhetorical situation is the constraints. This is defined as anything that can stand in the way of resolving the exigence. The constraints in this rhetorical situation do not appear to be people whom refuse to donate to the cause, rather that there is a lack of funds and research that can eventually lead to a cure. Regardless of the success that the ice bucket challenge may have, if the scientists are unable to find a way to eliminate this disease entirely, it will be seen as unsuccessful.
Now that we have successfully identified the elements of the rhetorical situation and have distinguished why it is unique, we will analyze how this social movement applied the five canons of rhetoric to appeal to the target audience. Cicero developed 5 “canons” that help organize the speaker’s thoughts and allow them to have a more impactful presentation.
The first of the five canons is invention. Invention can be defined as what you want to say to the audience. With the ALS movement, one can see that the invention was to educate the public on the startling conditions of ALS. The foundation aims to share the stories of both patients and their family members, in hopes that one may see the severity of the disease.
The second canon is arrangement. Arrangement can be seen as the order that you wish to display the information. With the ALS foundation, the arrangement followed a more informative approach. The goal to educate the audience on the devastating disease was at the forefront. Narration of symptoms along with testimonies from patients and their family allow the audience to see first hand how this disease can alter many peoples lives. The proof that is provided supports the vision that this is an important matter. One statistic from the foundations website ( claimed that every 90 minutes someone is diagnosed with ALS. The arrangement leaves the audience inspired to do their part in saving the lives of these patients and the patients to come.
Our third canon is style. Style allows the audience to better understand the message. For the ice bucket challenge, the style was very modernized. It was promoted throughout social media through the use of hashtags and retweets. This allows the audience to feel a comfort with the message and an urge to carry it on. The challenge itself allows for the public to join in on “the new trend”. Following the ice bucket challenge, other trends such as the “polar plunge” began to circulate around social media. This modern social media style has invited the public to join in on the movement.
The fourth canon that we will look at is memory. How can one make a message memorable without following trends of the past? ALS chose to do this by promoting a challenge that called for the participation of the public. As videos were retweeted and celebrities joined in, the challenge had reached the standard of being memorable. In fact, the challenge was so memorable that it continues to be an annual challenge every summer to raise money for ALS research.

And the final canon that we will apply is delivery. This is where the prior four canons come together to form the final product. This is where the audience has to be wowed. The ALS ice bucket challenge was able to wow the audience through their appeal to Ethos, Pathos and Logos. The foundation was able to establish ethos, or credibility, through the statistics that were given when informing the audience on the details of ALS. Logos or logic, was created when we saw the dire need for donations to help fund the research for treatments. They presented us with the facts that after being diagnosed, the average patient only lives two to three more months on the current treatment plan. And possibly the most evident portion would be pathos or emotion. The movement tugged on heart strings as we read about the conditions of patients and the impact that the disease has had on both them and their families. By using all three of these forms, the audience is left with a heavy heart and a desire to help find a cure for these patients.