The Texas sharpshooter fallacy is when differences in data are ignored, but similarities are stressed, leading to a false conclusion that is inferred. This fallacy allows people to almost ignore the conflicting date in favor of the few pieces of information that actually fit together, and therefor are focused upon and blown out of proportion to fit the author/ arguers main points. This fallacy can be seen often when a person has collected a large amount of data that may mostly conflict, but he/she decides to specifically focus on a small subset of that data that they find most closely relating to what they were trying to prove in the collection of the data. A visual example of this fallacy can be explained like this: “A Texan who fires some gunshots at the side of a barn, then paints a target centered on the tightest cluster of hits and claims to be a sharpshooter.” This joke is also where the fallacy gets its name.
An example of this fallacy that can be seen in society today in Trump's claim that: “When Mexico sends its people, they’re not sending their best. They’re not sending you. They’re sending people that have lots of problems, and they’re bringing those problems with us. They’re bringing drugs. They’re bringing crime. They’re rapists. And some, I assume, are good people.” This claim was established by looking at America’s rates and percentages of crime in certain areas of the country, the populations of jails, and the war on drugs that is always such a big issue in America. He ignored the statistics that would have revealed the number of Mexicans that come here legally (and illegally) and contribute to the economy, people that come here illegally but aren’t involved in selling drugs, aren’t rapists, aren’t involved in any form of crime, don’t bring any problems, and eventually do become legal citizens. He made this statement to appeal to his followers that think illegal immigrants, and immigration in general, are the causes of many of America’s problems. He also included the line “And some, I assume, are good people” to protect himself a little from the backlash of making such a broad original statement, but highlighted the pieces of data collected that were in favor of his own views and got his main idea across: that we shouldn’t be letting them into our country because of the risk of more crime.